Foto info
ative Photo: Tabish
Common name: Pergularia • Hindi: Utaran, Sagovani, Aakasan, Gadaria Ki bel, Jutak • Marathi: Utarn • Tamil: Uttamani, Seendhal kodi • Malayalam: Veliparatti • Telugu: Dustapuchettu, Jittupaku • Kannada: Halokoratige, Juttuve, Talavaranaballi, Bileehatthi balli • Bengali: Chagalbati, Ajashringi • Oriya: Utrali • Sanskrit: Uttamarani, Kurutakah, Visanika, Kakajangha
Botanical name: Pergularia daemia    Family: Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family)
Synonyms: Asclepias daemia, Daemia extensa, Cynanchum extensum

Pergularia is a perennial twining herb, foul-smelling when bruised and with much milky juice, stem hairy. Leaves are thin, broadly ovate, heart-shaped or nearly circular, hairless above, velvety beneath. Greenish yellow or dull white, and sweet-scented flowers are borne in lateral cymes which are at first corymb-like, afterwards raceme-like. The five petals are hairy and spreading outwards. Corona outer and inner, outer truncate, inner curved high over the staminal column, spur acute. Fruit is a follicle, with soft spines all over and a long beak. Seeds are densely velvety on both sides. Flowering: August-February.
Medicinal uses: Pergularia has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of liver disorders.

Identification credit: Nandan Kalbag Photographed in Lodhi Garden & Garden of Five Senses, Delhi.

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