Purple Barleria
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Purple Barleria
P Native Photo: Satish Padke
Common name: Purple Barleria
Botanical name: Barleria gibsonii    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
Synonyms: Barleria glauca, Barleria gibsonioides

Purple Barleria is a perennial herb or undershrub, erect, woody, up to 1 m tall. Stems are round, angular, hairless. Leaves are ovate-elliptic, 7-17 x 5-9 cm, rounded, wedge-shaped or shortly winged at base, scabrous at margins, pointed to tapering at tip, lineolate above, hairless, glaucous beneath; lateral veins 5-8 pairs; leaf-stalks 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers are borne solitary, in leaf-axils and in branch-end spikes; bracts linear, 1-2 x 0.4-0.8 cm, pointed at tip. Outer sepals elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, nearly equal, 2.5-3.5 x 1.8-2.3 cm; inner sepals linear-lanceshaped, 1-1.5 cm long. Flower are 6-8 cm long, hairless, pink-purple; tube 3-4 cm long; petals obovate, nearly equal, 2.5-3.5 x 2-2.8 cm, rounded at tip, with or without mauve blotches on two lateral lobes. Stamnes are protruding. Capsules are oblong- lanceoloid, 2-2.5 x 0.5-1 cm, hairless, turgid. Purple Barleria is found in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Tamil Nadu. Flowering: September-March.

Identification credit: Satish Padke Photographed in Pune, Maharashtra.

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