FoI
Purple-Veined Spindle Tree   
Foto info
Purple-Veined Spindle Tree
P Native Photo: Krishan Lal
Common name: Purple-Veined Spindle Tree • Hindi: बरमेली Barmeli, भम्बेली Bhambeli, काला चिन्दवारा Kala chindwara • Marathi: कुंकु Kunku • Sanskrit: Bhillotaka, सिन्दूरी Sinduri
Botanical name: Euonymus tingens    Family: Celastraceae (Spike-thorn family)

Purple-Veined Spindle Tree is an evergreen shrub to small tree, 2-8 m tall. Branches are gray-black to gray-brown, round, sturdy, twigs greenish, with channels. Leaf-stalks are 3-5 mm, leaves thickly leathery, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 4-6 × 2-2.5 cm, base wedge-shaped or round, margin toothed, tip blunt or pointed. Lateral veins are 8-12 pairs, curving forward and disappearing before reaching margin. Flowers are borne in severla flowered clusters on stalks 1.5-3.5 cm long. Flower-stalks are 0.5-2 cm long. Flowers are 5-merous, about 1.5 cm in diameter, sepals semicircular, petals creamy white with strong purplish veins around edges, round to obovate. Capsule are obovoid-spherical, 5-angled, pinkish or reddish when fresh, brown or yellow-brown to red-brown when dry, 1.2-1.3 × 1.2-1.4 cm. Seeds are ellipsoid, dark brown, partially covered by orange aril. Purple-Veined Spindle Tree is found in the Himalayas, from Himachal Pradesh to SW China and Burma, at altitudes of 1300-3300 m. Flowering: April-August.
Medicinal uses: The bark of the tree is purgative. The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of eye diseases and is also of benefit in cases of chronic constipation and dyspepsia.

Identification credit: Krishan Lal Photographed in Sirmaur Distt, Himachal Pradesh & Dhanaulti, Uttarakhand.

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