Red Ornamental Banana
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Red Ornamental Banana
P Native Photo: Thingnam Sophia
Common name: Red Ornamental Banana • Kannada: ಮಧುರಂಗ Madhuranga, ರಂಗುಬಾೞೆ, ರಂಗುಬಾಳೆ Rangubaale
Botanical name: Musa rubra    Family: Musaceae (Banana family)
Synonyms: Musa laterita

Red Ornamental Banana is a banana like plant, grown as a garden plant. Pseudostems are dark purple, 1.5--2.4 m. Leaf-stalk is purple spotted, deep purple at base, purple-red at margin, to 1 m, slender, margin narrow, open about 1.5 cm wide; leaf blade above deep green, below yellow-green, ovate-oblong, about 2 m × 50 cm, midvein pink striped, base obliquely asymmetric, tip blunt. Inflorescence erect, about 40 × 2.5--4 cm; axis brown hairy. Bracts are pink, lanceshaped. Flowers 5 or 6 per bract, in 1 row. Compound tepal golden yellow, tip of outer lobes with a hooklike appendage; free tepal yellow, much shorter than compound tepal, membranous. Infructescence erect, often with 6--9 fruit clusters. Berries 5 or 6 per cluster, reddish, cylindric, slightly curved, about 7 x 2.5--3 cm, base narrowed, tip flat. Seeds numerous, brownish, depressed, about 5 mm in diameter, irregularly angled, tuberculate. Red Ornamental Banana is found in shaded and moist ravine bottoms or semi-marshlands, at altitudes of 1000-1300 m, in Manipur, Myanmar, Thailand.

Identification credit: J.M. Garg Photographed in Imphal, Manipur.

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