Red Sandalwood
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Red Sandalwood
D Native Photo: Jatin Vaity
Common name: Red Sandalwood, Redsanders, Red sanders, Ruby wood, Saunderswood • Hindi: लाल चंदन Lal chandan, रक्तचंदन Raktachandan • Malayalam: Chenchandanam, രക്തചന്ദനമ് Rakthachandanam • Marathi: रक्तचंदन Raktachandan
Botanical name: Pterocarpus santalinus    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Lingoum santalinum, Draco santalum

Red Sandalwood is a small to medium-sized, deciduous tree upto 11 m tall with a dense, rounded crown. Bark is blackish-brown, deeply cut into rectangular plates, yielding a deep red latex when cut; heartwood extremely hard, dark purple. Leaves are usually imparipinnate, 10-18 cm long; leaflets 3, rarely 4-5, 3.8-7.6 cm long, broadly ovate or round, leathery, tip blunt, slightly notched, undersurface pale and clothed with fine grey hairs. Flowers are yellow, borne a few together in simple or sparingly branched racemes; flower-stalks about 5 mm long; sepal-cup 5-6 mm long, teeth minute, triangular. Pods are obliquely round, 3.8-5 cm in diameter, including the wing, base narrowed into a short, concavely curved stipe about 8 mm long, woolly. Seeds are 1-2, reddish-brown, smooth, leathery, 1-1.5 cm long. Red Sandalwood is native to South India.

Identification credit: Jatin Vaity, Mahadeswar Swamy Photographed in Mumbai & Guindy National park, Chennai.

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