Red-Hair Plumegrass
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Red-Hair Plumegrass
P Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Red-Hair Plumegrass
Botanical name: Saccharum rufipilum    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Erianthus fulvus, Erianthus pallens, Erianthus rufipilus, Miscanthus rufipilus

Red-Hair Plumegrass is a stout perennial grass with hard woody base; stems up to 3.5 m tall. Leaf-blades are up to 60 cm long, 3-20 mm wide, flat or convolute. Flower-panicles are 15-40 cm long, the flower-cluster-stalk appressed silky vinous; racemes 2.5-5 cm long, borne directly on the main axis of the panicle or sometimes, in the lower part of the inflorescence, borne along short primary panicle branches, the internodes and flower-stalks hairy with long hairs. Spikelets are all alike, 2.5-3.5 mm long, the callus bearded with cream or usually reddish silky hairs up to 1 cm long, concealing the spikelets; glumes equal, membranous, shortly fringed with hairs on the margins, the lower also sparsely hairy on the back; lower lemma lanceshaped, shortly fringed with hairs on the margins below; upper lemma very narrow, entire, awned at the tip with an awn up to 20 mm or more long. Red-Hair Plumegrass is found in the Himalayas, China, Bhutan, and parts of SE Asia, at altitudes of 1300-2600 m. Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.

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