Rough-Leaved Clivers
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Rough-Leaved Clivers
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Rough-Leaved Clivers • Hindi: Leswakuri • Nepali: चितु Chitu
Botanical name: Galium asperifolium    Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)

Rough-Leaved Clivers is a much branched perennial herb, with 4-sided, angles rough or hairless stem. Leaves are mostly 6 (up to 8) in a whorl, 1-2.5 cm long, 2-5 mm broad, stalkless or shortly stalked, narrowly linear- obovate or elliptic. Leaves are pointed or with a needle-like stiff point at the tip. Leaves are rough above especially on midrib and have curled margins, but can sometimes be hairless too. Small white flowers are borne in many-flowered, cymes in leaf axils or at the end of stiff branches. Flower-stalks are short 1-1.5 mm long, recurved and enlarged in fruit. Flowers are white, about 3.5 mm in diameter, with 4 ovate, long-pointed petals, about 2 mm long. Fruit consists of 2 round, fused parts, each about 1 mm in diameter. Rough-Leaved Clivers is found in Afghanistan, Himalayas (Kashmir to Sikkim), at altitudes of 1500-3000 m. Flowering: June-September.

Identification credit: G.S. Rawat Photographed in Valley of Flowers, Uttarakhand.
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