Rufous Uraria
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Rufous Uraria
P Native Unknown Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Rufous Uraria, Hooked Uraria • Kannada: ಅಂಟುಬೆಳೆ ಗಿಡ antubele gida, ಮೂವಿಲೆ moovile • Malayalam: മൂവില moovila, വലിയ മൂവില valiya moovila • Sanskrit: पृष्णिपर्णी prsniparni, शालपर्णी salaparni • Tulu: ಮೂಜಿರೆ moojire Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Uraria rufescens    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Desmodium rufescens, Uraria paniculata, Doodia hamosa, Uraria hamosa

Rufous Uraria is a subshrub with stems erect, 40-100 cm tall, gray-white hairy and brown hooked hairy. Leaves are 3-foliolate; leaf-stalk 1-2.5 cm, hairy; leaflet blades elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 3-8 × 2-4 cm, below hairy, above hairless, lateral veins 11-13 on each side of midvein, base rounded or slightly heart-shaped, tip rounded or sometimes notched. Flowers are borne in an inflorescence at branch-ends, 10-20 cm, densely hooked hairy and velvet-hairy. Flowers are sparse. Flower-stalk short, initially about 3 mm, hairy, elongated to 5-6 mm at fruiting, apically hooked. Calyx is about 3 mm, velvet-hairy, 5-parted; lower lobes longer than tube, upper lobes slightly shorter. Flowers are purple, 2-3 times as long as calyx. Legume 4-7-jointed; arti­cles gray-brown, compressed, slightly netveined veined. Rufous Uraria is found in Indo-Malesia. In India it is found in Peninsular India and the Himalayas, up to altitudes of 1000 m. Flowering: October-November.

Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé, Siddarth Machado Photographed in Satyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu.

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