FoI
Sandalwood   
Foto info
Sandalwood
ative
Photo: Shaista Ahmad
Common name: Sandalwood, Indian sandalwood, Fragrant sandalwood, White Sandalwood • Hindi: चंदन Chandan, संदल Sandal • Manipuri: চংদন Chandan • Marathi: चंदन Chandan, gandhachakoda • Tamil: Anukkam, Asam, சந்தநம் Chandanam • Malayalam: ചംദനമ് Chandanam, chandana-mutti • Telugu: Bhadrasri, చందనమ్ Chandanamu • Kannada: Agarugandha, bavanna, bhadrasri, ಚಂದಲ Chandala • Bengali: চংদন্ Chandan, শ্ৱেতচংদন Shwetchandan • Oriya: valgaka • Urdu: Sandal safaid • Sanskrit: अनिंदिता Anindita, Arishta-phalam, Bhadrasara, चंदनम् Chandanam
Botanical name: Santalum album    Family: Santalaceae (Sandalwood family)

Sandalwood is an evergreen tree, growing up to 4-9 m tall. The trees have a long life, and may live up to one hundred years of age. The tree is variable in habit, usually upright to sprawling, and may intertwine with other species. The plant parasitises the roots of other tree species, but without major detriment to its hosts. The reddish or brown bark can be almost black and is smooth in young trees, becoming cracked with a red reveal. The heartwood is pale green to white as the common name indicates. The oval leaves are thin, oppositely arranged. Smooth surface is shiny and bright green, with a glaucous pale underside. Fruit is produced after three years, viable seeds after five. These seeds are distributed by birds. Sandalwood oil was used traditionally to treat skin diseases, acne, dysentery, gonorrhea, and a number of other conditions.1 In traditional Chinese medicine, sandalwood oil is considered an excellent sedating agent.

Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé
Photographed at JNCASR, Bangalore.
• Is this flower misidentified? If yes,