Shrirang Lepidagathis
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Shrirang Lepidagathis
A Native Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Shrirang Lepidagathis
Botanical name: Lepidagathis shrirangii    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)

Shrirang Lepidagathis is a newly described (2019) annual herb, prostrate, with a woody rootstock. It is named in honor of the botanist Shrirang Ramchandra Yadav at Shivaji University, Kolhapur. Flowers are boirne in leaf-axils, in 1–4 congested spikes, 2.0-2.5 cm long, velvet-hairy. Flowers are stalkless, about 1.2-1.5 cm long, pinkish. Flower-tube is about 0.5 cm long, velvet-hairy outside, 2 unequally lipped; upper lip about 0.2 cm long, broad, shortly 2-toothed, 3-5 nerves; lower lip about 0.5 cm long, distinctly divided in to 3 nearly equal lobes, obovate, circular or obtriangular at tip, hairless, pink. Stamen are 4, didynamous; filaments about 2 mm long, style about 6 mm long, white, hairy; stigma capitated. Sepal-cup is 5-partite, glandular hairy, sepals unequal, spiny pointed, persistent. Bracts are slightly cuspidate, 2.5-3.0 x 1.0-1.3 cm, glandular hairy, sharply spiny pointed at tip, 3-nerved, margin entire. Bracteoles are 0.9-0.7 x 0.4-0.6 cm, ovate-oblong, 3-nerved, glandular-hairy, spiny pointed. Stem is nearly erect, cylindrical, round, symmetrically branched, nodes and internodes about 24 cm, sparsely velvet-hairy or hairless. Leaves are stalkless, opposite, in mutually perpedicular pairs, blades sword-shaped, 7.0-7.5 x 1.0-1.3 cm, 3-nerved, hairy on both sides, base narrowly wedge-shaped, tip pointed, margins fringed with hairs. Capsules are 0.4-5 x 0.2-0.3 cm, ovate, brownish when mature. Shrirang Lepidagathis is endemic to Maharashtra. Flowering: January-April.

Identification credit: Arun Chandore, J.M.Garg Photographed at Ganapatipule, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.

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