Simple-Leaved Aglaia
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Simple-Leaved Aglaia
ative Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Simple-Leaved Aglaia
Botanical name: Aglaia simplicifolia    Family: Meliaceae (Neem family)
Synonyms: Aglaia triandraAglaia meliosmoides

Simple-Leaved Aglaia is a small trees up to 6 m tall. Twigs are greyish-brown, usually with reddish-brown star-shaped hairs. Leaves are simple, alternate, spiral; leaf-stalks 1.3-4 cm long, swollen at both ends, hairy. Leaf blade is 9.5-22.5 x 4.9-10.4 cm, elliptic to obovate, tip tapering with blunt tip, base blunt or pointed, margin entire; midrib flat above; secondary nerves 12-14 pairs, prominent beneath. Inflorescence is up to 15 cm long and 10 cm wide, flower-cluster-stalk up to 1 cm, axis, branches and flower-stalks densely covered with star-shaped hairs. Flowers are nearly spherical, stalk up to 2 mm. Calyx deeply divided into 5 nearly rotund sepals which are densely covered with star-shaped scales. Petals are 5, yellow, obovate, aestivation quincuncial. Staminal tube is nearly as long as the petals, obovoid, with a small aperture; anthers about ½ the length of the tube, broadly ovoid, in the upper half of the tube, not or just protruding through the aperture. Fruits are up to 4 cm long, obovoid or subspherical, brown, or pale yellow, not splitting open, with a thick woody pericarp up to 5 mm thick and densely covered with star-shaped hairs on the outside; pericarp often longitudinally ridged. Simple-Leaved Aglaia is found in Indo-Malesia. In India it is found in Western Ghats. Flowering: November-January.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in Brahmagiri Range, Kodagu, Karnataka.

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