Botanical name: Gouania leptostachya Family: Rhamnaceae (Ber family)
Synonyms: Gouania tiliaefolia
Slender Spiked Gouania is a thornless climbing shrub found in sub-Himalayan terrain in NE India, Nepal and S China, in thickets at low and medium altitudes. The leaves are alternate, somewhat hairy, ovate, 6-10 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, with pointed tip and slightly heart-shaped base. The flowers are small greenish or whitish, and borne in slender racemes or panicles in leaf axils and at the end of branches. The fruit is smooth, 1-1.2 cm in diameter, crowned by remnants of persistent sepal cup, 3-winged. The fruit splits open into 3 nearly rounded winged mericarps. Slender Spiked Gouania is found in the Himalayas, from Kumaun to Assam, at altitudes of 200-2000 m, and also in Burma, Indo-China, Malaysia. Flowering: August-September.
Medicinal uses: The leaves contain an alkaloid, and that they are used for washing ulcers. The bark is used as a shampoo. It is also either alone or with other drugs to stupefy fishes in rivers. The leaves are used by Lepchas as a poultice for sores.
Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé, Prashant Awale, Amit Kumar
The flower labeled Slender Spiked Gouania is ...