Common name: Snake Plant, Mother-in-law's tongue
Botanical name: Sansevieria trifasciata Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's Broom family)
Sansevieria trifasciata is commonly called the snake plant, because of the
shape of its leaves, or mother-in-law's tongue because of their sharpness. It
forms dense stands, spreading by way of its creeping rhizome, which is
sometimes above ground, sometimes underground. Its stiff leaves grow
vertically from a basal rosette. Mature leaves are dark green with light
gray-green cross-banding and usually range between 70-90 cm in length and 5-6
cm in width.
Snake Plant, is native to
Africa. It has stiff sword-shaped leaves to 4 feet long by 2.75 inches
wide. Leaves are banded yellow on either side with a deep green,
lightly banded center. It
is grown for the hemp-like fiber in the leaves, which is called bowstring
hemp. They are an attractive plant for pot culture and are very durable to a
wide range of condition.
The flowers are greenish-white and are on 18-inch spikes in spring.
Snake plant will survive in a wide range of
conditions. They tolerate the low light conditions and are very drought
tolerant. They are propagated by division of rhizomes at anytime of the year.
Identification credit: R.K. Nimai Singh