South-Indian Gooseberry
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South-Indian Gooseberry
P Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: South-Indian Gooseberry
Botanical name: Phyllanthus narayanswamii    Family: Phyllanthaceae (Amla family)

South-Indian Gooseberry is an under shrub, with numerous branches; stem hairless, pinkish when fresh. Leaves are alternate, distichous, often elliptic to oblong, leathery, blunt, with a short sharp point, heart-shaped, margins slightly thickened, recurved; veins and midribs raised on both sides, veins arched. Leaf-stalks are up to 6 mm long. Stipules 3 x 1 mm, peltate, lacerate, tapering, hastate at base. Flowers arise singly in leaf-axils, on flower-stalks upto 6 mm long, very thin, thickened at the top. Tepals are 6, ovate, hairless, rounded at tip; midrib thickened. Disc in female flower saucer-shaped; in the male flowers of 6 small glands at the base of tepals and alternating with them, stamens 3. Ovary is 3-loculed, verrucose glandular; styles 3, joined at base and spreading over the top of ovary, each bifid half-way. Capsules aew about 3 mm across, spherical, depressed, brown, verrucose glandular. Seeds are golden-brown, upto 2 mm long, covered with red glands. South-Indian Gooseberry is found in Peninsular India. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu.

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