South-Indian Rungia
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South-Indian Rungia
P Native Photo: N Arun Kumar
Common name: South-Indian Rungia
Botanical name: Rungia laeta    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
Synonyms: Diapedium laetum, Justicia eudoxa

South-Indian Rungia is a shrub with stem round, hairless. Flowers are white, 1.8 cm long, white with brown spots, thinly hairy, upper lip notched; filaments hairless. Sepals are 7 x 1.5 mm, lanceshaped, spiny-tipped. Leaves are 6-8 x 3-5 cm, ovate-lanceshaped, tip pointed, hairless, nerves 6-8 pairs; leaf-stalk 2 cm long. Spikes 3-6 x 2 cm, oblong, stalked, floral bracts white, 16 x 7 mm, lateral ones empty, elliptic to obovate, pointed, fringed with hairs; bracteoles 10 x 2 mm, linear.Capsule 9 mm long, velvet-hairy; seeds 4, rugose, brown. South-Indian Rungia is endemic to Southern Western Ghats. Flowering: July-January.

Identification credit: N Arun Kumar Photographed in Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu.

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