South-Indian Uvaria   
Foto info
South-Indian Uvaria
ative Photo: Asokan Mash
Common name: South-Indian Uvaria • Kannada: bugadee balli, bugadee hoo, gunavaara • Malayalam: Narumpanal, Kureel • Marathi: kala-apkara • Sanskrit: Neelavalli, Valeeshakhota • Tamil: puliccan, pulikkan
Botanical name: Uvaria narum    Family: Annonaceae (Sugar-apple family)

South-Indian Uvaria is a large woody stellately pubescent straggling shrub with dark bluish green leaves. Leaves are oblong - lanceolate , pointed or long-pointed, hairless on both sides, stalks short, less than 6 mm. Crushed leaves smell like cinnamon. Flowers are reddish, solitary, at branch ends or leaf-opposed, 2.5 cm in diameter. Stamens have anthers concealed by the overlapping connectives. Carpels are numerous , scarlet-red; seeds chestnut brown. South-Indian Uvaria is found in Western ghats from Maharashtra southwards up to an altitude of 1,200 m.
Medicinal uses: Root and leaves-used in intermittent fevers, biliousness, jaundice; also in rheumatic affections; bruised in salt water, used in skin diseases. A decoction of the root bark is given to women to control fits at the time of delivery.

Identification credit: Asokan Mash
Photographed in Kerala.
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