Spiked Elephant Foot
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Spiked Elephant Foot
P Naturalized Photo: Raja Ghosh
Common name: Spiked Elephant Foot, False Elephant's-foot
Botanical name: Pseudelephantopus spicatus    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Elephantopus spicatus

Spiked Elephant Foot is a herb 2-3 ft tall, with stems erect, branched, striped. Leaves are nearly stalkless, slightly stem-clasping, lower leaves oblong-obovate or oblong-spoon-shaped, 7-20 x 1-5 cm, margin entire or remotely sawtoothed. Upper leaves are oblong-lanceshaped, 2.5-11.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm, narrowed at both ends. Flowers are borne in branch-end spikes. Flower-heads are in clusters of 1-6. Involucre oblong, 10-12 x about 4 mm; phyllaries dark green, elliptic-oblong, about 10 x 2 mm, glandular. Florets are white to bluish purple, nearly tubular; petals 5, lanceshaped. Achenes linear-oblong, about 6 mm, 10-ribbed, densely bristly, glandular between ribs. Spiked Elephant Foot is native to Mexico to Tropical America, naturalized in India and parts of SE Asia.

Identification credit: Raja Ghosh Photographed in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Jharkhand.

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