Common name: Spiny Barleria, Lesser yellow nail-dye, काटे कोरांटी Kate Koranti (Marathi), Kadanculi (Tamil), Vellaimuli (Malayalam)
Botanical name: Barleria cuspidata Family: Acanthaceae (ruellia family)
Kate koranti is a low spiny shrub, growing to 1 m high. Stems and branches are
cylindrical and slightly tapering. Oppositely arranged oblong lancelike leaves
are 3-6 cm long. Slender spines 2-3 cm, occur in leaf axils. Yellow flowers
occur solitary in leaf axils, or in terminal spikes. The flowers has a funnel
form, with two petals - the upper one is divided into 4 and the lower one is
whole. The lower lip is distinctly shorter than the upper one, and is obovate.
There are two stamens and a style which is longer than the stamens.