Stalkless Canscora
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Stalkless Canscora
A Native Unknown Photo: S. Kasim
Common name: Stalkless Canscora
Botanical name: Canscora heteroclita    Family: Gentianaceae (Gentian family)
Synonyms: Canscora sessiliflora, Gentiana heteroclita, Exacum heteroclitum

Stalkless Canscora is an annual erect herb, up to 1 foot tall, stem 4-winged. Leaves are broadly ovate, 0.7-1.5 x 0.6-1 cm, base rounded to obtuse, apex acutely apiculate, upper ones linear-lanceolate. Flowers are stalkless, rose colored in the forks in dichasial cymes, becoming monochasial. Flower-tube is up to 8 mm long; lobes of upper lip slightly spreading, broadly obovoid, 3 mm long; lobes of lower lip obovate, up to 4 mm long. Bracts linear-lanceshaped, to 1.5 mm long. Calyx tube to 7 mm long, striped, in mature flowers split above to a little above base; lobes linear-lanceshaped, to 1.5 mm long, long-tapering. Capsule is oblong-compressed, brownish. Stalkless Canscora is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: September-December.

Identification credit: S. Kasim Photographed in Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu.

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