Stinking Tree
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Stinking Tree
ative Photo: Pravin Kawale
Common name: Stinking Tree, Fetid Holly • Bengali: অমৃতা Amrita • Kannada: ದುರ್ನಾತದ ವರ Durnaathada Mara, ದುರ್ವಾಸನೆ ಮರ Durvaasane Mara, ಪೀನಾರಿ Peenaari • Konkani: घाणेरा Ghanera • Malayalam: പീനാറി Peenaari • Marathi: अमृता Amruta, घाणेरा Ghanera, काळागुरा Kalagura, नरक्या Narkya • Nepali: अमृता Amritaa • Odia: ଅମୃତା Amruta • Tamil: அரளி Arali, சொறிலை Corilai, கல் குருஞ்சி Kal Kurunchi, பில்லி பிச்சு Pilli Picchu Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Mappia nimmoniana    Family: Icacinaceae (Unicorn Plant family)
Synonyms: Mappia foetida, Nothapodytes nimmoniana, Premna nimmoniana

Stinking Tree is a small tree, 3-8 m tall, with smooth, grey, wrinkled bark, about 5 mm thick. Branchlets are slightly angled, corky, with prominent leaf scars. Alternately arranged leaves are slightly leathery, broadly egg-shaped to elliptic-oblong, 1-25 cm long, 4-12 cm wide. Leaf base is often unequal, tip is pointed to long-pointed. Leaves are crowded at the ends of branchlets. Leaf stalks are 3-6 cm long. Flowers are bisexual, creamy yellow, foul smelling, about 5 mm across, in flat-topped clusters at the end of branches. Petals are hairy inside. Fruits are oblong to ellipsoid, about 2 x 1 cm, smooth, purplish black when ripe, with a single seeds. Stinking Tree is usually found in peninsular India, East Himalaya, Indo-China, Sumatera, Philippines. Flowering: August.

Identification credit: Pravin Kawale Photographed in Maharashtra.

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