Three-Leaved Chaste Tree
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Three-Leaved Chaste Tree
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Three-Leaved Chaste Tree, Simpleleaf chastetree, Arabian Lilac • Gujarati: નગોડ nagod • Hindi: सम्भालू sambhalu • Kannada: ನೀರುಲಕ್ಕಿ nirulakki • Malayalam: കരിനൊച്ചി karinocchi • Manipuri: ꯎꯔꯤꯛꯁꯤꯕꯤ urikshibi • Marathi: निगूड niguda, निर्गुंडी nirgundi • Oriya: svetasurasa • Punjabi: ਰਿੰਗਾ ringga • Sanskrit: अनन्ता ananta, सिन्दुवार sinduvara • Tamil: கருநொச்சி karu-nocci, நீலி nili, நீர்நொச்சி nir-nocci, நொச்சி nocci • Telugu: నీలవావిలి nilavavili, నీరవావిలి niravavili • Tibetan: si ndu ba ra Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Vitex trifolia    Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

Three-Leaved Chaste Tree is a large coastal shrub or small tree, less that 5 m in height with the stems covered by soft hairs (tomentose). The leaves are oppositely arranged along the stems, simple or trifoliate with 3 linear leaflets which range between 1 -12 cm in length. The upper surface of the leaves are green and the lower surface grayish green. The flowers are born in panicles or clusters up to 18 cm in length. Individual flowers have purple to violet two-lipped corollas that are approximately 5 mm long. The stamen are in two pairs and the ovary is superior, or develops above the corolla. The fleshy fruits are about 6 mm in diameter and contain 4 small black seeds.

Identification credit: Joseph Thomas, Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Imphal & Delhi.

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