Toothed Dock
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Toothed Dock
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Toothed Dock • Assamese: Jangali chuka • Hindi: Ambavati, Amrule, Ambavah, जंगली पालक Jangli palak • Sanskrit: Changeri • Nepali: वन पाते Ban Pate, बन पालुङ्गो Ban Palungo
Botanical name: Rumex dentatus    Family: Polygonaceae (Knotweed family)

Toothed Dock is an annual herb with stem 20-60 cm tall, unbranched or branched from near the base. Basal leaves are ovate-oblong with a flat, rarely heart-shaped base. Leaves are sometimes slightly contracted above the base, fiddle-shaped, with blunt or slightly pointed tip. Leaf stalk is shorter or as long as the lamina. Stem leaves are normally few, smaller and with shorter stalks than the basal one. Flowers are borne in in whorls of many flowers, all or at least the lower and the middle ones distant, most of them supported by a leaf. Flower stalks are rather thin. Outer tepals are elliptic, 2 mm, inner ones enlarged in fruit. Fruit is a valve (exlcuding teeth) 2.5-3.5 mm broad with 3-4 teeth, 2-3 mm long, usually all grain bearing. Nut is 2-2.5 mm long. Toothed Dock grows from plains to 3000 m, mostly in moist areas. It is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and East Asia. Flowering: May-June.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Delhi.
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