Travancore Greenviolet
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Travancore Greenviolet
P Native Photo: C. Rajasekar
Common name: Travancore Greenviolet
Botanical name: Afrohybanthus travancoricus    Family: Violaceae (Violet family)
Synonyms: Hybanthus travancoricus, Ionidium travancoricum

Travancore Greenviolet is a shrub, up to 1.75 m tall, with branches erect, round below, angled above, woody, hairless. Leaves are alternate, nearly stalkless, linear-lanceshaped, distantly sawtoothed along the margins, tapering at tip, 1-9 x 0.5-2.5 cm, hairless; stipules subulate, glandular-finely velvet-hairy. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils, on flower-stalks 1-2 cm long, 2-bracteoled towards tip. Sepals are nearly equal, fine-pointed, recurved. Petals are pink, variable, lower petal long-clawed, pouch-shaped. 2-spurred; others sickle shaped; upper 2 fringed with hairs. Stamens are 5; anthers nearest the large petal with a round gibbous spur at base. Ovary is 1-celled; ovules numerous; style clavte, incurved. Fruit is a capsule; seeds 6-9, stripedd, white. Travancore Greenviolet is endemic to Southern Western Ghats. Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: C. Rajasekar Photographed in Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu.

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