Common name: Tree Vernonia • Tamil: கரணா Karana, சாடகை Sadagai, சுத்தை Shutthai, Karantai • Malayalam: ഏറകാത്തിര Eerakatthira, കരണ Karana, കടവരി Kadavari, മലംപരുവ Malanperuva, Karantai • Naga: Pachet
Botanical name: Vernonia arborea Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Vernonia monosis, Vernonia javanica
Tree Vernonia is a medium sized tree, growing up to 15 m tall. Bark is
brown or blackish. Young branchlets are cylindrical and velvety.
Alternately spirally arranged leaves are clustered at the ends of
branchlets. Leaf stalk is 0.6-2.6 cm long, velvety. Leaf blade is 8.5-19
cm long, 4-11 cm wide, generally elliptic or slightly obovate. Tip is
pointed or abruptly ending into a point, and the base is wedge-shaped.
Margin is entire or sometimes distantly double toothed. Leaves are velvety
on the underside. Pinkish purple flower-heads are borne in large panicled
cymes, at the end of branches. Fruit is dry, ribbed, 1-seeded. Tree
Vernonia is found along margins of evergreen forests, up to 1900 m, in
South and Central Sahyadris in Western Ghats and parts of NE India.
Identification credit: A. Rajasekaran
|Photographed in Munnar, Kerala.|