FoI
True Myrtle   
Foto info
True Myrtle
ntroduced Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: True Myrtle, Common myrtle, Greek myrtle, Swedish myrtle • Bengali: sutrsowa • Hindi: Baragasha, Murad, विलायती मेहेंदी Vilayati mehndi • Kannada: murukulu gida • Marathi: firangimethi, murt • Sanskrit: गंधमालती Gandhamalati • Tamil: cativam, kulinaval, sadevam, tevam, tevamamaram • Telugu: chitti jama • Urdu: aas, barg-e-maurid, burg madar
Botanical name: Myrtus communis    Family: Myrtaceae (Myrtle family)

True Myrtle is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing up to 5 m tall. The leaf is entire, 3-5 cm long, producing a fragrant essential oil. The star-like flowers have five petals and sepals, and numerous stamens. Petals are usually white. The fruit is a round blue-black berry containing several seeds. The flowers are pollinated by insects, and the seeds are dispersed by birds that eat the berries. True Myrtle is native to southern Europe and north Africa.
Medicinal uses: Myrtle occupies a prominent place in the writings of Hippocrates, Pliny, Dioscorides, Galen, and the Arabian writers. In numerous Mediterranean countries, the extract of the myrtle herb is used to make the hair grow longer in a short period of time.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Iqbal Garden, Hazuribagh, Srinagar, Kashmir.
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