Umbelled Blachia
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Umbelled Blachia
P Native Photo: N Arun Kumar
Common name: Umbelled Blachia
Botanical name: Blachia umbellata    Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)
Synonyms: Blachia reflexa, Croton umbellatus, Bruxanellia indica

Umbelled Blachia is a shrub or tree, 2-8 m tall, entirely hairless. Leaves are elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceshaped or obovate to inverted-lanceshaped, pointed, blunt or wedge-shaped at base, somewhat tapering, with a tail or cuspidate at tip, 3-18 x 1-8 cm, membranous to thinly leathery; lateral nerves 5-18 pairs; leaf-stalks 2-10 mm long. Male inflorescences are borne in umbels, 1-5 cm long; flower-stalks 7-12 mm long; sepals 4, round, 2-2.5 x 1.8-2.5 mm. Petals are 4, round to flabellate-unguiculate, 1.3-1.5 x about 1.5 mm; disc glands 4; stamens 10-15 , 2-3 mm long; anthers round, less than 1 mm across. Female inflorescences are borne in umbels, 2-8-flowered, stalkless or frequently on 2-5 mm long flower-cluster-stalks; flower-stalks 7-17 mm long; sepals 4-6, oblong-elliptic or ovate, 2-5 x 1-3 mm, persistent. Fruits are somewhat spherical, 3-lobed, 10-12 x 11-15 mm, smooth, brown when dry; seeds broadly oblong-ellipsoid, about 7 mm long, 5-6 mm thick. Umbelled Blachia is found in India: Evergreen forests, often along stream sides, 250-900 m elevations in Western Ghats, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka. Flowering: January-December.

Identification credit: N Arun Kumar Photographed in Karnataka.

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