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ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Wheat • Hindi: गेहूँ Gehun • Kannada: ಗೋದಿ Godi, ಗೋದುಮೆ Godume, ಗೋಧಿ Godhi, ಗೋಧುವೆ Godhuve • Manipuri: গেহূঁ Gehun • Marathi: गेहूँ Gehun • Nepali: गहुँ Gahun • Sanskrit: arupa, bahudugdha, godhuma • Tamil: godumai, godumbaiyarisi • Telugu: godumalu • Urdu: Gehun
Botanical name: Triticum aestivum    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)

Wheat is an annual grass with simple stems, erect, hollow or pithy, up to 1.2 m tall. Leaves are flat, narrow, 20–38 cm long, about 1.3 cm broad. Flower-spikes are long, slender, dorsally compressed, somewhat flattened. Rachis is tough, not separating from spikelet at maturity. Spikelets are 2–5-flowered, relatively far apart on stem, slightly overlapping, nearly erect, pressed close to rachis. Glumes are keeled in upper half, firm, glabrous, shorter than the lemmas. Lemmas are awned or awnless, less than 1.3 cm long; palea as long as the lemma, remaining entire at maturity; caryopsis free-threshing, soft or hard, red or white.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Delhi.

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