White Damar
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White Damar
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: White Damar, Indian Copal, Malabar tallow, Piney varnish • Hindi: सफेद डामर safed daamar • Kannada: ಬಿಳಿಡಾಮರ್, ಬಿಳಿಡಾಮರು bili daamaru, ಬಿಳಿ ಧೂಪ bili dhupa, ಧೂಪದ ಮರ dhupada mara, ಬೆಳುವ Beluva, ಬೆಳವ Belava, ಬಿಳಿಗುಗ್ಗುಲ Bili guggula, ಹಾಗಡ Haagada, ಉಗುಳುಧೂಪ Uguludhupa • Malayalam: കുന്തിരിക്കപ്പൈന്‍ kuntirikkappayin, പയിനി paini, വെള്ളപ്പൈന്‍ vellappayin • Marathi: चंद्रुस chandrusa • Oriya: ମନ୍ଦଧୂପ mandadhupa, ସନ୍ଦରସ sandarasa • Sanskrit: सर्जकः sarjakah • Tamil: துருளக்கம் turulakkam, வெள்ளைக்குங்கிலியம் vellai-k-kunki-liyam • Telugu: తెల్లగుగ్గిలము tellaguggilamu Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Vateria indica    Family: Dipterocarpaceae (Sal family)

White Damar is a tall tree generally up to 40 m sometimes going up to 60 m. Bark is greyish, smooth; blaze cream. Young branchlets are round, hairy. Branches exude resinous substance. Leaves are simple, alternate, spirallly arranged. Stipules are caducous. Leaf-stalks are 2-3.5 cm, swollen at apex, nearly hairless. Leaves are 8-27 x 4.5-10 cm, elliptic-oblong, tip abruptly long-pointed or blunt, base rounded to somewhat heart-shaped, margin entire, leathery, hairless. Midrib is flat above; secondary nerves 13-20 pairs, curved near margin, impressed above. Flowers are borne in panicles in leaf axils, with dense stellate hairs. Flowers are white, anthers yellow. Capsule is pale brown, 3-valved, oblong, up to 6.4 x 3.8 cm, sepals persistent, reflexed, seed 1. White Damar is endemic to the Western Ghats - South and Central Sahyadris. It is a common canopy to emergent trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.

Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar Photographed at Anshi WLS, Karnataka.

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