Common name: White Damar, Indian Copal, Malabar tallow, Piney varnish • Hindi: Badasal • Kannada: Damar • Malayalam: Baine, Kunturukkam, Paenoe • Tamil: Dhupa maram, Painimaram, Vellaikundrikam
Botanical name: Vateria indica Family: Dipterocarpaceae (Sal family)
White Damar is a tall tree generally up to 40 m
sometimes going up to 60 m. Bark is greyish, smooth; blaze cream. Young
branchlets are round, hairy. Branches exude resinous substance. Leaves
are simple, alternate, spirallly arranged. Stipules are caducous.
Leaf-stalks are 2-3.5 cm, swollen at apex, nearly hairless. Leaves are
8-27 x 4.5-10 cm, elliptic-oblong, tip abruptly long-pointed or blunt,
base rounded to somewhat heart-shaped, margin entire, leathery,
hairless. Midrib is flat above; secondary nerves 13-20 pairs, curved
near margin, impressed above. Flowers are borne in panicles in leaf
axils, with dense stellate hairs. Flowers are white, anthers yellow.
Capsule is pale brown, 3-valved, oblong, up to 6.4 x 3.8 cm, sepals
persistent, reflexed, seed 1. White Damar is endemic to the Western
Ghats - South and Central Sahyadris. It is a common canopy to emergent
trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.
Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar
|Photographed at Anshi WLS, Karnataka.|