White-Berry Toothbrush Tree
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White-Berry Toothbrush Tree
E Native Photo: Ankush Dave
Common name: White-Berry Toothbrush Tree • Hindi: मेस्वाक Meswak, पीलु Pilu
Botanical name: Salvadora alii    Family: Salvadoraceae (Salvadora family)

White-Berry Toothbrush Tree is a shrub or small tree, climbing, evergreen; branches drooping. Stems are erect, round, glaucous. Leaves are simple, opposite-decussate, lanceshaped, 4-6 x 1-3 cm, wedge-shaped at base, entire at margins, with a short sharp point at tip, leathery, hairless, 3-nerved; leaf-stalks 1-2.5 mm long, thick. Flowers are borne in a compound, lax panicle, in leaf-axils or at branch-ends, 5-20 cm long. Flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, 0.2-0.3 mm long. Sepal-cup 4-lobed; lobes rounded, about 0.1 mm, thick, greenish. Flowers are 4-petalled; petals oblong, about 0.2 mm long. Stamens are 4, free, protruding. Fruit is a berry, spherical, smooth, greenish, white when ripe; seed 1, spherical, 4-4.5 x 0.1-0.3 mm. White-Berry Toothbrush Tree is native to Pakistan to Central India. Flowering: January-April.

Identification credit: Ankush Dave Photographed in Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

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