FoI
Wood Apple   
Foto info
Wood Apple
D Native Tree
Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Wood Apple • Hindi: Kaith कैठ • Gujarati: Kotha • Telugu: Velaga • Bengali: Katbel • Kannada: Belavu • Marathi: Kovit • Sanskrit: Kapitha
Botanical name: Limonia acidissima    Family: Rutaceae (citrus family)
Synonyms: Feronia elephantum, Feronia limonia, Schinus limonia

Wood apple is an erect, slow-growing tree with a few upward-reaching branches bending outward near the summit where they are subdivided into slender branchlets drooping at the tips. The bark is ridged, fissured and scaly and there are sharp spines 3/4 to 2 in long on some of the zigzag twigs. The deciduous, alternate leaves, 3 to 5 in long, dark-green, leathery, often minutely toothed, blunt or notched at the apex, are dotted with oil glands and slightly lemon-scented when crushed. Yellowish green flowers, tinged with red, 1/2 in across, are borne in small, loose, terminal or lateral panicles. The tree is mostly known for its hard woody fruit, size of a tennis ball, round to oval in shape. The pulp is brown, mealy, odorous, resinous, astringent, acid or sweetish, with numerous small, white seeds scattered through it.
Photographed in Delhi and Bangalore.

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