Woolly-Leaved Fire-Brand Teak
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Woolly-Leaved Fire-Brand Teak
ative Photo: N. Arun Kumar
Common name: Woolly-Leaved Fire-Brand Teak • Kannada: ನಱುವಲ್, ನರುವಲು Naruval, ನಾರಲೆ Naarale
Botanical name: Premna tomentosa    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Premna cordata, Premna flavescens

Woolly-Leaved Fire-Brand Teak is a tree up to 15 m tall, bark greyish-brown, smooth, young parts with velvety hairs. Leaves are simple, opposite, stalk 2-5 cm long, slender, velvet-hairy, blade 6-25 x 5-15 cm, broadly ovate, base obtuse or heart-shaped. tip long-pointed, margin entire, densely tawny yellow stellately tomentose, yellowish, papery. Lateral nerves are 5-7 pairs, densely tomentose beneath, intercostae scalariform. Flowers are bisexual, yellow, small, in terminal and axillary corymbs, 7 cm long; calyx tubular, 5-ribbed, lobes 5, stellate pubescent; corolla 7.5 mm across, 4 mm long, tube cylindric, hairy, lobes 5, orbicular; stamens 4, didynamous, 1.5 and 2 mm long; anthers rounded, 0.5 mm; ovary truncate, superior, puberulus; style 3 mm; stigma unequally 2 fid. Fruit is a drupe, ovoid, 5-6 mm long, 4 mm across, black, hairy; seeds 4. Woolly-Leaved Fire-Brand Teak is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka.

Identification credit: N. Arun Kumar Photographed in Jawalagiri, Tamil Nadu.

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