Yellow Himalayan Fritillary   
Foto info
Yellow Himalayan Fritillary
Photo: Tabish
Common name: Yellow Himalayan Fritillary • Bhutia: Chichaor • Nepali: काकोली Kakolee
Botanical name: Fritillaria cirrhosa    Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)

Yellow Himalayan Fritillary is a perennial herb found high in the Himalayas. Stems are 15-60 cm tall. Oppositely arranged leaves, 7-11 in number, are sometimes also 3- or 4-whorled and alternate. Leaves are linear to linear- lanceshaped, 4-12 cm long, 3-5 mm wide, with the tip often curved or coiled. Flowers are borne in groups of 1-3, subtended by 3 leaflike bracts. Flower are yellow, nodding, bell-shaped. Flower stalk is much shorter than the tepals. Tepals are yellow or yellowish green, slightly or heavily spotted with purple, usually oblong-elliptic, 3-5 × 1.2-1.8 cm. Stamens are 2-3 cm long; style is 3-lobed. Capsule is narrowly winged. Yellow Himalayan Fritillary is found in alpine thickets, meadows, flood lands and moist places in the Himalayas, at altitudes of 3200-4600 m, in NE India. Flowering: May-July.
Medicinal uses: The bulbs are used medicinally.The dried bulb is used internally in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, feverish illnesses, abscesses etc.

Identification credit: Pankaj Kumar
Photographed in Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh.
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