Botanical name: Psidium guajava Family: Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush family)
Synonyms: Psidium fragrans, Psidium pomiferum, Psidium cujavus
Guava is a small tree, up to 33 ft tall, with spreading branches, easily recognized because of its smooth, thin, copper-colored bark that flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath; and also because of the attractive, "bony" aspect of its trunk which may in time attain a diameter of 10 in. Faintly fragrant white flowers, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils, are 2.5 across, with 4 or 5 white petals which are quickly shed, and a prominent tuft of about very many white stamens tipped with pale-yellow anthers. The fruit, exuding a strong, sweet, musky odor when ripe, may be round, ovoid, or pear-shaped, 5-10 cm long, with 4 or 5 protruding sepals at the top, and thin, light-yellow skin, frequently blushed with pink. Guava is native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America, widely cultivated across the world.
Medicinal uses: Fresh leaves of about 500 gms are boiled in 200ml of water for 10 minutes. The decoction is drenched twice daily for 4-5 days to cattle as cure for dysentery.
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