Himalayan Mandrake
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Himalayan Mandrake
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Himalayan Mandrake
Botanical name: Mandragora caulescens    Family: Solanaceae (Potato family)

Himalayan Mandrake is a perennial herb, mostly scape-like, 20-60 cm tall, velvety with simple or glandular hairs. Flowers are borne on short stalks arising directly from the rootstock, among young developing leaves. Flowers are yellow to greenish-purple, nodding. Sepal cup is bell-shaped, with ovate sepals which enlarge in fruiting phase. Flowers are bell-shaped, about 2.5 cm across, with triangular petals, often purple veined within. There is considerable variability in flower color, stature, shapes, and dimension of parts, including anther length. Fruit is an orange-yellow berry. Leaves mostly basal, sometimes on ascending stems. Mature leaves are obovate, 3-20 cm × 1.5-5 cm, entire, with wavy, hairy margin. Himalayan Mandrake is found in Eastern Himalayas, at altitudes of 3000-4500 m. Flowering: May-July.

Identification credit: Nongthombam Ullysess Photographed in Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh.

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