Indian Christmas Grass
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Indian Christmas Grass
A Native Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Indian Christmas Grass
Botanical name: Pseudanthistiria heteroclita    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Andropogon heteroclitus, Anthistiria heteroclita, Sorghum heteroclitum

Indian Christmas Grass is an annual grass with stems slender, geniculate at base, 30-50 cm tall. Leaf sheaths are hairless or bristly near margins; leaf blades linear, 8-15 x 0.3-0.5 cm, veins distinct, bristly with tuberculate-based hairs on both surfaces, base nearly rounded, tip tapering. Compound panicle are 10-30 cm; spatheoles lanceshaped, 7-12 mm, bristly near margins, the hairs arising from prominent, sometimes dark-colored tubercles, tip finely tapering. Racemes have 1-2 spikelet pairs and a branch-end triad. Stalkless spikelets are linear-oblong, 3-4.5 mm; lower glume firmly membranous, shallowly convex, scaberulous or finely velvet-hairy toward tip varying to appressed-velvet-hairy throughout; upper lemma longerthan glumes; awn 2-3 cm, column velvet-hairy. Stalked spikelets are lanceshaped, 4.5-5.5 mm, lower glume loosely bristly with tuberculate-based hairs near tip. Indian Christmas Grass is native to India and Bangladesh. Flowering: September-December.

Identification credit: Manoj Chandran Photographed in Amba Ghat and Nasik, Maharashtra.

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