Botanical name: Echinochloa colonum Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Panicum colonum, Orthopogon dichotomus, Oplismenus colonum
Jungle Rice is an annual grass with stems rising prostrate 10-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths are hairless on surface. Ligule are absent. Leaf-blades are 5-30 cm long, 2-8 mm wide. Flower racemes are borne along a central axis, 0.5-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis is 1-15 cm long. Spikelet packing is crowded. Spikelets occur in pairs, or clustered at each node. Fertile spikelets are stalkless, 2-4 in the cluster, subequal. In Rajasthan the seeds are used as rice - hence its common name in English jungle rice. Jungle Rice is is native to the Tropical & Subtropical Old World, including the Himalayas, at altitudes of 600-2400 m.
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The flower labeled Jungle Rice is ...