Jungle Rice
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Jungle Rice
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Jungle Rice, Shama Millet, Small barnyard grass, Marsh Grass • Hindi: Jangli jhangora, Jharwa, Jirio, शामा Shama • Kannada: ಊದಿಕೆ Udike, ಊದಲು Udalu kaadu haaraka, Kaadu haaraka hullu • Marathi: Borur, Jiria, Pacushama, Pawank, Tor, Todia • Nepali: सामा Sama • Telugu: Othagaddi
Botanical name: Echinochloa colonum    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Panicum colonum, Orthopogon dichotomus, Oplismenus colonum

Jungle Rice is an annual grass with stems rising prostrate 10-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths are hairless on surface. Ligule are absent. Leaf-blades are 5-30 cm long, 2-8 mm wide. Flower racemes are borne along a central axis, 0.5-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis is 1-15 cm long. Spikelet packing is crowded. Spikelets occur in pairs, or clustered at each node. Fertile spikelets are stalkless, 2-4 in the cluster, subequal. In Rajasthan the seeds are used as rice - hence its common name in English jungle rice. Jungle Rice is is native to the Tropical & Subtropical Old World, including the Himalayas, at altitudes of 600-2400 m.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Mumbai & Palakkad, Kerala .

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