Mimosa Thorn
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Mimosa Thorn
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Mimosa Thorn • Kannada: ಈಜಿಮುಳ್ಳು eejimullu, ಗಣಜಿಲು ganajilu, ಕೆಂಚಿಗೆ kenchige, ಕೊಮ್ಮೆ komme • Konkani: ಕೆಂಚಿಕಿ kenchiki, लाजरी lajri • Malayalam: ചിങ്ങമുള്ള് chingamullu, കൽത്തൊട്ടാവാടി kalthottaavaadi, കൂറമുള്ള് kooramullu, കുമുള്ള് kumullu, തീമുള്ള് theemullu • Marathi: लाजरी lajri, नारकती narkati • Sanskrit: ऋतुबाण ritubana, श्वेतमूल shwetamula, वैशाखमन्थ vaishakhamantha • Tamil: பூனைக்கழற்சி punai-k-kalarci • Tulu: ಚೀಮುಳ್ಳು cheemullu, ತೀಮುಳ್ಳು theemullu Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Caesalpinia mimosoides    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)

Mimosa Thorn is a woody climber. Branchlets are densely glandu­lar hairy, with recurved prickles. Leaves are 22-36 cm longm double-compound. Pinnae are opposite, 13-23 pairs, about 3.5 cm long. Leaflets are opposite, 7-14 pairs, oblong, about 9 × 4 mm, abaxially and marginally with bristles. Lax flower racemes are borne at the end of branches. Flowers are large, more than 50 per inflo­rescence. Flower-stalks are unequal in length, 1.5-2 cm in upper part and 3-3.5 cm in lower part of inflorescence. Sepals are 5, 10 × 8 mm. Petals are bright yellow, round, upper one smaller, about 8 mm wide, others larger, about 1.7 × 1.3 cm. Stamens are 10, fila­ments 1.8 cm, densely cottony in lower part. Ovary is 5 mm, densely hairy, 1- or 2-ovuled, style 1.4-1.5 cm. Pod is obovoid, curved, 4-5 × 2.5 cm, splitting open. Seeds are 1 or 2, oblong. Flowering: November-December.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Shigekeri, Karnataka.

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