Scurfy Pea
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Scurfy Pea
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Scurfy Pea, Blackdot, Malaysian Scurfpea • Hindi: Babachi, Babchi, Bakuchi, Bavanchi, Bawchi • Malayalam: cottam, karkokil, karkokilari • Marathi: bavanchi, babachi, babchi • Sanskrit: Babachi, Babchi, Bakuchi, Bavachi • Tamil: கற்பகரிசி Karpakarici , Karpogam, கற்பூரவரிசி Karpuvarici, Kavothi • Telugu: Bavanchalu • Urdu: Babechi
Botanical name: Cullen corylifolium    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Psoralea corylifolia, Cullen corylifolia

Scurfy Pea is an erect, annual herb generally found in peninsular India. Leaves are simple, roundish-ovate, undulating-toothed. Stipules are narrow lance-shaped, recurved. Flowers are borne in dense spike-like racemes on long solitary stalks in leaf axils. Flower-stalks are much shorter than the sepals. Flowers are small, pale lilac, with the wings and keel dark purple- tipped. Scurfy Pea flowers in the cold season. Seedpods are black, ovoid, about 5 mm, hairless, tip with a short tip, irregularly netveined. Scurfy Pea is native to NE Tropical Africa, S Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. It is also found in West Himalaya. Flowering: January.
Medicinal uses: Dry fruit of Scurfy Pea is one of the most popular Traditional Chinese Medicine and officially listed in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The plant is of immense biological importance, and it has been widely exploited since ages for its magical effect against several skin diseases, such as psoriasis, leukoderma, and leprosy.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra & UP.

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