South Indian Plum
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South Indian Plum
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: South Indian Plum • Hindi: Jamun • Kannada: ಕುಂಟುನೇಱಳೆ, ಕುಂಟುನೇರಳೆ Kuntu naerale • Malayalam: Nara, Naval • Marathi: Bhedsi, रान लवंग Ran-lavang • Sanskrit: hrasvajambuh, jambuh, lavanga
Botanical name: Syzygium caryophyllatum    Family: Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush family)
Synonyms: Myrtus caryophyllata, Syzygium caryophyllaeum, Eugenia corymbosa

South Indian Plum is a small evergreen tree 3-5 m tall. Leaves are obovate, leathery, blunt or with a short-tapering blunt tip. Leaves are narrow towards the base, inconspicuously dotted. Creamish-white flowers are borne in corymb-like cymes, 10 cm across, at the end of branches. Flowers are grouped in threes. Sepal cup is short, top-shaped, 4-toothed. Numerous stamens protrude out. Fruit is round, 1 cm, purple, juicy. South Indian Plum is found in South India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: March-April.

Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar Photographed near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.

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