South-Indian Uvaria
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South-Indian Uvaria
ative Photo: Asokan Mash
Common name: South-Indian Uvaria • Kannada: ಕರೀಬಳ್ಳಿ kariballi, ಉಣಾಮಿಣಿ ಗಿಡ unamini gida • Konkani: ಗುಣಾಮಣಿ ಝಾಡ gunamani jhad, काळो अपकरो kalo apkaro • Malayalam: കുരീൽ kooril, നറുംപാണൽ narumpanal • Marathi: काळा अपकरा kala apakara • Sanskrit: नीलवल्ली nilavalli, वल्लीशाखोटः vallisakhotah • Tamil: புளிச்சான் puliccan • Tulu: ಕರೀ ಮಾದೆರಿ kari maderi, ಪಾಂಡೆಲ್ pandel Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Uvaria narum    Family: Annonaceae (Sugar-apple family)

South-Indian Uvaria is a large woody stellately pubescent straggling shrub with dark bluish green leaves. Leaves are oblong - lanceolate , pointed or long-pointed, hairless on both sides, stalks short, less than 6 mm. Crushed leaves smell like cinnamon. Flowers are reddish, solitary, at branch ends or leaf-opposed, 2.5 cm in diameter. Stamens have anthers concealed by the overlapping connectives. Carpels are numerous , scarlet-red; seeds chestnut brown. South-Indian Uvaria is found in Western ghats from Maharashtra southwards up to an altitude of 1,200 m.
Medicinal uses: Root and leaves-used in intermittent fevers, biliousness, jaundice; also in rheumatic affections; bruised in salt water, used in skin diseases. A decoction of the root bark is given to women to control fits at the time of delivery.

Identification credit: Asokan Mash Photographed in Kerala.

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