Axle Wood Tree
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Axle Wood Tree
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Axle Wood Tree • Hindi: Dhau, Dhoy, धौरा Dhaura • Marathi: dhaora, dhamora, dhawda • Tamil: namai, vel-naga-maram, nakam, vakkali, • Malayalam: malakanniram, vellanava, mazhkanjiram • Telugu: shirimanu, sirimanu, vellama, yelama • Kannada: ಬೆಜ್ಜಲು Bejjalu, ದಿಂಡಲ Dindala, ದಿಂಡಲು Dindalu, ದಿಂಡಿಗ Dindiga, ದಿಂಡ Dinda • Bengali: dhaoya • Oriya: dhavada • Urdu: Gul-e-dhawa • Sanskrit: Baka, धव Dhava, dhavah, dhavala, dhurandhara, द्रिढ़तरु dridhataru
Botanical name: Anogeissus latifolia    Family: Combretaceae (Rangoon creeper family)

Axle Wood is a small to medium-sized tree, growing up to 20 m tall. It is closely related to the Buttontree. The species name latifolia is in reference to its wider leaves. Trunk is straight and cylindrical or sometimes more poorly shaped, branchless for 8 m, up to 80 cm in diameter. Bark is smooth or with scales, pale to dark gray. Branches are drooping. Leaves are oppositey or nearly- oppositely arranged, simple, entire, with grayish-yellow or whitish hairs below. Stalkless flowers are borne in dense, spherical heads on stalks in leaf axils or at the end of branches. Flowers are small and have parts in fives. Sepals are joined together in a stalk-like tube, expanded at top into a 5-lobed cup. There are no petals. Stamens are 10, in 2 rows. Fruit is a 2-winged pseudoachene, packed into a dense head. Sepal tube survices till fruting, and forms a beak.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed at Pateshwar, near Satara, Maharashtra.

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